Head Injuries – More Info

Head Injuries – More Information

Following a Traumatic brain injury (TBI), Acquired brain injury (ABI) or Congenital brain injury (CBI) you could be suffering from symptoms including retrograde amnesia, aphasia, dysphasia, fatigue, headache, poor memory, irritability, reduced attention span, aggression, agitation, lack of motivation, apathy, impulsivity, blindness, epilepsy, personality change, disinhibition, behavioural issues, depression. These symptoms affect everything from your work to your relationships to every day tasks.

Any type of trauma that leads to an injury of the scalp, skull or brain is a head injury. Whilst many head injuries are obvious, some are not always immediately apparent. You may not have palpable symptoms like a fracture skull or headaches. You may have noticed that you are becoming less confident, more irritable, forgetful, lethargic, socially awkward or withdrawn.  You might have blurred or double vision or vomiting, weakness in a limb, difficulty speaking or being understood or seizures. These could all be signs that you have suffered a head or brain injury.

Any head or brain injury is debilitating. Subtle signs of injury may have been undiagnosed, misdiagnosed or left untreated or poorly treated for long periods often due to more urgent physical injuries being treated as priority. Outside of specialist treatment centres and experts these symptoms often go unnoticed or are poorly understood.

There are a number of common types of head injury. Concussion is the most common type of head injury and is used to describe any injury to the brain that is the result of an impact to the head. Concussions can be mild to severe.

An open head injury is normally caused by pressure or force to the head which is strong enough to cause a fracture or displacement of the skull. An open head injury does not necessarily result in a brain injury.

A closed head injury is a trauma in which the brain is injured as a result of a blow to the head, or a sudden, violent motion that causes the brain to knock against the skull. Closed head injuries can be diffuse, meaning that they affect cells and tissues throughout the brain; or focal, meaning that the damage occurs in one area. Closed head injuries can range from mild to severe.

Diffuse axonal injury occurs in about half of all severe head traumas, making it one of the most common traumatic brain injuries that we see and one of the leading causes of death in people with traumatic brain injury. It can also occur in moderate and mild brain injury. A diffuse brain injury occurs over a widespread area of the brain instead of occurring in a specific area, like a focal brain injury. In addition to being one of the most common types of brain injuries, it is also one of the most devastating.

Diffuse axonal injury isn’t caused by a single blow to the head. It results from the brain moving back and forth in the skull as a result of acceleration or deceleration. Car accidents, sports-related accidents, violence, falls, and child abuse such as Shaken Baby Syndrome are common causes of diffuse axonal injury.

You may need reports from a neurosurgeon, neuropsychiatrist, neuropsychologist, neurophysiotherapist, Occupational Therapist (OT), Speech and Language Therapist (SALT), housing expert and financial advisor.

For more information call us on 01285 654875 or email us at enquiries@seriousinjury.expert or take a look at our glossary.